Psoriasis is is a skin condition which causes one to have skin irritation and redness. In most cases, the person suffering from this condition has got flaky white-silver like patches(scales) and red thick skin. Being a common condition, anyone is at risk of getting it but it is most common to people from the age of 15 to 30 years but luckily, it’s not contagious. This condition is thought to be hereditary as most of the people that suffer from it have family history with Psoriasis. Doctors happen to think that this condition occurs when a person’s immune system confuses the cells which are healthy for dangerous substances. Normally, skin cells, after growing in skin rise to the outer surface once in every month. But to a person with Psoriasis, the skin rising to the surface is to fast and they build up on the surface of the skin.
The following are the various things that may trigger a Psoriasis:
· Dry skin,
· Viral or Bacterial infections,
· Skin injuries,
· Drugs like anti-malaria drugs, lithium and beta-blockers,
· Insufficient sunlight,
· excess sunlight,
· excess consumption of alcohol and stress.
There are some people who suffer from Psoriasis end up developing arthritis as a result whivch is known as Psoriatic arthritis. Generally, those people whose immune systems are weak, suffer severe Psoriasis. Such people include those who have:
3. Autoimmune disorders among others.
Symptoms of Psoriasis In some people, Psoriasis may be slow to appear, while in others it is sudden but in most cases, Psoriasis appears then disappears which makes people not seek medical attention thinking that it is a normal occurrence. Therefore, if you have got the following symptoms, then it is best you seek medical attention:
· Itchy skin which ends up being red with flaky white patches,
· Your skin turns pink-red,
· Your skin becomes thick and raised,
· Red patches start to appear in every part of your body even the scalp,
· If you are a man, you will experience genital lesions,
· Aches and pains on the joints,
· Your nail colour changes to yellow-brown, becomes thick, have dents and it lifts from the underneath skin.
· A severe case of dandruff on your scalp. Unlike some diseases, Psoriasis may affect any body part. There are five types of Psoriasis namely:
1. Erythrodermic: Redness of the skin is intense and have a large area covering.
2. Guttate: The skin develops small spots which are pink red.
3. Inverse: the overlapping skin, groin and armpits develop irritation and redness.
4. Plaque: Silver-white flaky scales cover the red thick skin patches.
5. Pustular: Irritated red skin is surrounded by blisters.
Psoriasis Treatment Treatment is used to control the condition and also prevent infection. There are different types of treatments available and they are:
· Tropical treatments: Shampoos, skin lotions, creams and ointments.
· Body-wide or Systemic treatments: Pills or injections which affect the immune response of the body.
· Phototherapy: Use of sunlight.