What is the Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Or TSH?
The Thyroid stimulating hormone, which is also referred to as “TSH” is a short polymer that is formed when amino acids are combined. This hormone is secreted in the blood of the body and assists in the functionality of the endocrine system of the body. The cells that are identified as thyrotropes synthesize and secrete this particular hormone.
This occurs in the anterior region of the pituitary gland. This particular gland is directly responsible for regulating the functionality of the endocrine system in the thyroid gland – which a small component of the body located in the neck region. In this guide, you will learn important facts about the thyroid stimulating hormone.
Hormone Level Control
The TSH is responsible for stimulating the gland in order to secrete various types of hormones. The two most common stimulated ones are identified as “T4” and “T3”. The production of the TSH is directly controlled by a hormone that is identified as “TRH” or “Thyrotropin-releasing hormone”.
This activity takes part in the region of the brain that is identified as the hypothalamus. Once this is wrapped up, it is then transitioned into the anterior section of the pituitary gland. This is made possible by an artery that is identified as the “Superior Hypophyseal”. The amount of TSH is then drastically increased and production initiates.
The purpose of TSH Testing
There are many purposes for TSH testing. Medical professionals will test the thyroid stimulating hormone in order to determine if the thyroid is functioning appropriately. In many instances, this test may be used to determine if an individual has hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism based on the symptoms that they are experiencing.
If a doctor feels that a newborn baby may have low hormone levels, or if they are attempting to uncover the reason why a female may be experiencing complications associated with fertility, this test may be issued. In addition to this, it is common for this test to be conducted on those that are currently on a thyroid treatment in order to determine the overall effectiveness of the treatment that is being used for a particular complication of the gland.
The thyroid stimulating hormone is a very important hormone when it comes to determining if an individual has a thyroid problem or if the treatment for a thyroid complication is being evaluated. The thyroid depends on this hormone heavily. It assists in the production of various types of hormones and releasing various types of hormones.
Doctors that believe patients may be suffering from a thyroid problem will use TSH tests to determine a diagnosis. Once a diagnosis is made, the medical professional will then develop a treatment plan that is appropriate for the patient that is diagnosed with low or high levels of TSH.